Division of Parole’s annual report, for FY 2009-10
The Division of Parole’s FY 2009-10 Annual Report summarizes the activities of the Division and its two main functions – deciding which offenders whom the Legislature has made eligible for parole have met the statutory criteria for discretionary release, and then monitoring and mentoring those who are released to community supervision.
For the entire report, please visit: https://www.parole.state.ny.us/pdf/parole-annual-report-2010.pdf
It is my pleasure to submit the Division of Parole’s annual report, for FY 2009-10. The Governor
has often said that there is no more fundamental role of government than the protection of its citizenry,
and that New York cannot, and will not, jeopardize the public safety because of fiscal constraints. The
Division of Parole has embraced that philosophy with considerable success, as this report documents.
Parole is, first and foremost, about public safety. But it is also about helping to turn
offenders into law-abiding, tax-paying assets to their community. Public safety and community
protection are best ensured when offenders who are returning to the community are assisted
and supervised by a professional parole officer.
This annual report summarizes the activities of the Division of Parole and its two main
functions – deciding which offenders whom the Legislature has made eligible for parole have
met the statutory criteria for discretionary release, and then monitoring and mentoring those
who are released to community supervision.
During FY 2009-10, I believe the Division of Parole made substantial progress in its mission to
promote public safety and successfully transition releases back to the community – as evidenced by
the fact that the percentage of releasees returned to prison for new felony convictions is at its lowest
point since the early 1990s. I am particularly gratified that we were able to achieve this success during
these particularly difficult fiscal times.
The dedicated men and women of the Division of Parole look forward to the
opportunity to continue working with our state partners in our efforts to keep New York
State the safest large state in the country.
Andrea W. Evans
Chairwoman & Chief Executive Officer
Parole Board Members
Name Confirmation Date Term Expires
Andrea W. Evans June 8, 2009 February 6, 2013
Walter Wm. Smith, Jr. December 17, 1996 July 06, 2011
James Ferguson April 12, 2005 July 06, 2011
Christina Hernandez June 14, 2006 June 02, 2011
G. Kevin Ludlow June 21, 2006 June 18, 2011
Gerald Greenan III June 21, 2006 June 18, 2012
Lisa Beth Elovich December 13, 2006 December 31, 2013
Henry Lemons May 1, 2007 June 18, 2008
Sally Thompson June 14, 2007 May 4, 2013
Michael A. Hagler October 22, 2007 August 31, 2013
Mary Ross June 19, 2008 August 31, 2013
Joseph Crangle June 19, 2008 June 16, 2014
Jared Brown January 26, 2010 June 18, 2012
New York State Parole Board Commissioners (L-R): G. Kevin Ludlow, William Smith,
Henry Lemons, Mary Ross, Michael Hagler, Andrea Evans (Chairwoman), James
Ferguson, Christina Hernandez, Jared Brown, Gerald Greenan III, Patrick Gallivan. Not
present: Lisa Elovich, Sally Thompson, Joseph Crangle.
DIVISION OF PAROLE STAFF
Andrea W. Evans, Chairwoman & CEO
Mark Manthei, Executive Director
Terrence Tracy, Counsel
Angela B. Jimenez, Director of Operations
Timothy O’Brien, Director of Facility Operations
Jeffrey Nesich, Director of Administration
Jose Burgos, Director of Human Resources
Michael Washington, Director, EEO/Diversity Management
Michael Buckman, Director of Policy Analysis
The core mission of the Division of Parole is to “promote public safety by preparing
inmates for release and supervising releases to the successful completion of their
sentence.” The Division of Parole has two cornerstones: The Board of Parole, which
determines whether and when an offender serving an indeterminate sentence should
be released; and Parole Officers, who supervise approximately 40,000 offenders in New
York State who have been released from prison either by the Board of Parole, or statute,
or sentenced by courts to the Willard Drug Treatment Campus. Parole Officers also
prepare approximately 22,000 inmates annually for release, supervise inmates in the
Department of Correctional Services’ Temporary Release Program, and monitor out of
state and deportations case. In total, the Division has responsibility for just over 53,000
The 19 members of the Board of Parole are appointed by the Governor, and
confirmed by the Senate, for six-year terms. One member is designated by the
Governor to serve as the Board’s Chairperson and as Chief Executive Officer of the
Division of Parole. The Division has staff in 38 field offices and 67 State correctional
This report describes and explains the various responsibilities of the Division of
Parole and provides an accounting of the performance of the agency during fiscal year
In sum, the Board of Parole:
• Conducted 29,059 interviews considering release for persons eligible for
supervised release in 2009-10.
• Granted release to 40% of the eligible inmates, and 22% of those being
considered for the first time.
• Released 9% of the Violent Felony Offenders and 3% of the Sex Offenders
eligible for release.
• Returned 9,342 releasees to prison for violating the conditions of their
• Made more than 2.6 million case contacts, including 543,673 home visits.
• Conducted 151,038 on-site drug tests.
• Collected nearly $1.1 million in supervision fees.
In 2009-10, only 2.6% of releasees were returned to the Department of
Correctional Services for committing a new felony; that is the lowest level in
approximately 20 years.
This year, the Division of Parole marks its 80th anniversary of public service to the
people of New York State.
The Division was established in the Executive Department on July 1, 1930. A fulltime
Board of Parole was created within the Division and given the responsibility,
formerly held by the Department of Corrections, for decisions on parole releases from
prisons. Jurisdiction over releases from training schools and correctional institutions for
mentally disabled prisoners was added to the Parole Board’s authority in 1945.
A 1967 law extended the Board’s release authority to persons incarcerated in
local reformatories, transferred the functions of the New York City Parole Commission
to the New York State Division of Parole and gave the agency control over the
conditional release of inmates under definite sentences.
In 1971, the Division of Parole was consolidated with the Department of
Corrections to form the Department of Correctional Services (DOCS). In the wake of the
Attica Prison riot and demands from the courts and other quarters that the procedural
rights of releasees be protected, the Division was again established in 1977 as an
autonomous agency within the Executive Department. The same reform act mandated
adoption of formal release guidelines to eliminate any perception of arbitrariness.
A 1978 law made the Division of Parole responsible for determining the
appropriateness of releasing juveniles convicted of certain serious felonies and for their
post-release community supervision. With the surge in State incarcerations in the 1980s
and 1990s, the Division of Parole expanded significantly, as did the array of substance
abuse treatment and other services available to help releasees maintain a law-abiding
The Sentencing Reform Act of 1998, commonly referred to as “Jenna’s Law,”
added a new dimension to the Division through the elimination of discretionary release
for all violent felony offenders while mandating court-imposed periods of post-release
supervision of 1½ to 5 years that the offender must serve after completing the period of
incarceration imposed by the court.
Since its creation, the core mission of the Division has remained consistent and
unchanged – to protect public safety while supervising releasees in the community and
working closely with them to ensure their successful and productive re-entry into
The Division’s 1,057 Parole Officers and facility staff are among the most highly
trained and educated in the nation. They prepare inmates for release in the State’s
correctional facilities, they supervise releasees in the community, and they issue
warrants, pursue fugitives and prosecute parole violators. In addition to these duties,
they also participate in re‐entry initiatives, law enforcement task forces, and
Parole Officers must be able to balance the delivery of services and supervision
that are tailored to the risks and needs presented by each releasee while also enforcing
the laws of the state and taking action to end criminal conduct. Through their work in
the community, parole officers develop an in‐depth knowledge of the neighborhoods in
which they work. This includes familiarity with the full range of community resources
available to support releasees as they re‐enter society as well as learning where the high
crime areas are and who the people are who are involved in criminal conduct.
In addition to being a national model for parole operations, the Division was the
first parole‐only agency to be accredited by the American Correctional Association.
FACILITY PAROLE OPERATIONS
The Division of Parole promotes public safety by preparing inmates for release
and supervising releasees to the successful completion of their sentences. Approximately 57,000
inmates are currently incarcerated at 67 State correctional facilities and the Willard Drug Treatment Campus. Approximately 22,000 inmates are released to parole and post-release
supervision annually. The Division recognizes the critical importance of apre-release presence in order to fully implement the mission of the agency. Facility operations are centered on the concept that release preparation and supervision planning begins at the timeof an inmate’s arrival at a correctional facility and continues throughout the period of incarceration to the successfu lcompletion of the period of community supervision.The Division’s more than 300 Facility Operations staff members provide awide range of services to the inmate population, Board of Parole, Field Operations, and Re-entry Services staff. Facility assigned parole officers are responsible for parole and post-release supervision orientation, procurement of identification records, public benefit application processing, identification ofneeds and targeted services, chemical dependence referral and consent, application processing under the
Interstate Compact, domestic violence case identification and reporting, mental health referrals, threat
documentation, intelligence information gathering, victim identification ands upportive services, sex offender registration and notification of duties as a sex offender, community preparation
and case assignment, and procurement of medical records and medical discharge documents. Facility parole officers complete pre-Parole Board interviews and community preparation
interviews for all inmates appearing before the Board of Parole(indeterminate sentences) and for all
inmates released by operation of law(determinate sentences).Facilities staff prepares reports used by
the Board of Parole in the discretionary release decision-making process and setting the conditions of release and by Field and Re-entry Services staff during the community preparation investigation phase. These reports provide critical information used by decision makers and staff responsible for developing the supervision plan.
FACILITY OPERATIONS ACTIVITIES
23,453 – Number of releases by Parole Board, CR, and Presumptive release types
25,745 – Number of community preparation investigation assignments and community
prep packages prepared
2,561 – Number of certificates of relief granted in connection with Parole Board
interviews and reviews
BOARD OF PAROLE
The Board of Parole consists of 19members appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate, each of whom serves a six-year term. The Chairperson of the Board is selected bythe Governor and serves as the Chief Executive Officer of the Division of Parole. The Board has two primary responsibilities. The first is the meticulous case-by-case screening of inmates being considered for release. The second major responsibility of the Parole Board is to establish the conditions of release for each person under parole supervision. These conditions are uniquely tailored to meet individual needs for all inmates released to parole supervision; those granteddiscretionary release by the ParoleBoard, those granted Presumptive
Release by the Commissioner of the Department of Correctional Services, those released statutorily as conditional releases after successfully completing two-thirds of their maximum sentences and those with determinate sentences released after serving the incarcerative portions of their sentences. In addition, there are certain other key duties and responsibilities that fall under the umbrella of the Board. These include the power to issue warrants for the detention of delinquent releasees
and to revoke their release, and the authority to grant and revoke Certificates of Release from Disabilities and Certificates of Good Conduct. Additionally, the Board reports to the Governor on individuals under consideration for pardon or commutation of sentence.
PAROLE BOARD ACTIVITIES FY 2009-10
29,059: Release Interviews and Reviews conducted
9,342: Releasees returned to prison under Board authority for violating the conditions of
945: Three-Year Discharges to releasees who had completed three years of successful
40%: Proportion of eligible inmates granted discretionary release
22%: Proportion of inmates released by the Board after their first appearance
9%: Proportion of Violent Felony Offenders granted release
3%: Proportion of Sex Offenders granted release
PAROLE IN THE COMMUNITY
The job of a Parole Officer, a dynamic blend of social work and law
enforcement that is equal parts science and art, is among the most demanding
of any profession in the field of public safety. In order to become a Parole
Officer, candidates must hold a master’s degree or a bachelor’s degree with
three-years of social services experience and then successfully complete a rigorous eight-week training program that includes supervision skills and firearms proficiency.
A parole officer’s day may begin shortly after dawn with a visit to a releasee’s home before they leave for work and may end near midnight with post-work visits, curfew checks or late night surveillance. Home visits may entail as much time spent with the releasee’s family as with the releasee. Required additional visits include the releasee’s place of employment and any programs in which the releasee is participating. Parole officers also work closely with
federal, state and local law enforcement agencies, sharing intelligence about neighborhood crime trends and patterns, working on special operations and collaborating in the apprehension
of parole violators and releasees suspected of committing new crimes.
Spring 2010 Citywide Absconder Search-PO’s muster with NYPD
Parole Officer Activities
Fiscal Year 2009-2010
2,663,153: Case contacts
543,673: Home visits
373,185: Positive home visits
5 million: Miles traveled on supervision activities
151,038: On-site drug tests conducted
$1.1 million: Supervision fees collected by Parole Officers
Illegal weapons seized in a Parole operation.
For the entire report, please visit: https://www.parole.state.ny.us/pdf/parole-annual-report-2010.pdf